How do you know when the words a reporter or commentator are objective or subjective and based on reason or emotion?
I will share with you my insights based on a lifetime of observation because of my bachelor’s and master’s degrees in English, English teaching, and preaching–all dealing with the meaning of language.
This volcano could be a huge story, but it’s on an island in New Zealand. Therefore, it’s probably not as much of one. One could say, though, that it “spewed acrid gas to pollute the ozone layer” or it “erupted harmlessly into the azure blue sky.”
You can see that the words a reporter, anchor, or commentator uses can create emotions in us, depending on the news person’s opinion about the event, and may try to influence you to accept that person’s opinion. The problem is that they don’t tell you that they are trying to influence you. (The previous link is to an article by a businessperson who is telling others how to influence customers to buy their products, but it also reveals the techniques news people use to try to influence you emotionally.)
I am indebted to the website Allsides.com for a list of eleven kinds of media bias, which I compared with many news broadcasts and articles during a few days in late September, 2020, to give you 20/20 vision about the media bias that may be influencing you without your knowing it. Be armed to separate bias from factual content in order to resist bias by reading News Tries to Control You: Be Equipped to Evaluate It.